LOGO

DEVELOPMENT OF MALI’S SEED INDUSTRY: PSAO/WASP CONTRIBUTION

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INTRODUCTION
The West African Seed Program is a five-year [2012 – 2017] program funded by the USAID-West Africa Mission and regionally implemented by CORAF/WECARD. PSAO/WASP was implemented in Mali by the National Agricultural Research Committee between October 2013 and April 2017, with funding of US $340,380 and the entire territory as a potential area of intervention.

RESULTS

Result 1: The Alliance for Seed Industry in West Africa (ASIWA) is established in order to create a community of practice that would facilitate experience sharing, synergy creation and optimal use of resources

o ASIWA set up on 16 and 17 March 2015
o Appointment of ad hoc committee members (9 members)
o 37 participants with increased knowledge about ASIWA
o ASIWA Action Plan and Roadmap developed for operationalizing ASIWA
o The WASIX electronic platform www.wasix.net was successfully launched
o 29 participants (including 20 WASIX focal points) with increased knowledge about the use of WASIX
o Enhanced knowledge about WASIX among the stakeholders
o Advertising on WASIX (press conference with 5 media outlets - local radio, TV, written press).

Result 2: The ECOWAS regulations on seeds are implemented

o Publication of the ECOWAS regulation in Official Journal No. 23 of 6 June 2014
o COASeM launch on 5-7 August 2015 in Abidjan, CI (Mali represented by 22 actors)
o CNSOV creation (2014 statutory meetings in DFM conference room and in 2015 in Azalai GH)
o 27 (private sector) and 16 (public sector) participants with increased knowledge about regulations, including 6.98% women
o 32 seed actors (including CNSOV) trained in using the catalog management software, including 9.4% women
o 187 actors with increased knowledge about regulations in the Sikasso, Ségou, Mopti regions, including 27% women
o 51 actors with increased knowledge about regulations in the Koulikoro region, including 39% women.

Result 3: The supply of breeder seeds of target crops is expanded
o Easier access to 23 new improved varieties for private sector producers.

Result 4: The supply of foundation and certified seeds by a stronger private sector is expanded for target crops

o National Seed Trade Association strengthened (membership, greater visibility and credibility)
o Stronger enforcement of regulations – systematic seed labeling
o Strengthened agribusiness capacities of private promoters
o 12 business plans developed
o Strengthened environmental safeguarding capacities
o 05 seed trading markets organized
o 78 cooperatives and seed entreprises had access to business opportunites in 2016
o Over 18 conferences/ discussions organized on seeds in Sikasso, Ségou, Mopti and Koulikoro

CONCLUSION
A great number of activities have been completed by the project in Mali from October 2013 to this day. However, short, medium and long-term interventions are still necessary to accelerate progress towards achieving the project objectives, including:
o Defining performance indicators for results area 1;
o Increasing access to funding for activity implementation;
o Strengthening public/private partnership for easier access to genetic material and boosting breeder and foundation seed production;
o Developing business models to stimulate the supply and demand;
o Adopting a value chain approach to stimulate demand for certified seeds and address the slump in sales.

( Sokona Dagnoko, WASP Mali Seed Specialist)

Niger

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Introduction
The West African Seed Program (WASP) is funded by USAID and implemented under the WAAPP program by CORAF/WECARD. Its intervention scope in Niger is nationwide, with specific focus on activities in the seed sector. It aims to increase the rate of quality seed use from 12 to 25% between 2012 and 2017.

Intervention areas
o Operationalization of an Alliance for Seed Industries in West Africa (ASIWA);
o Ensure effective implementation of the seed regulations,
o Increase foundation seed production
o Increase private sector production of certified and foundation seeds.

Table translation:

o Support investment in seed production/seed distribution
o Build producer trust in certified seeds
o Involve the private sector in seed development efforts
o Increase producer use of quality seeds
o Coordinate efforts to expand the seed market
o Strengthen the regional seed trade
o Increased agricultural productivity to ensure food security in West Africa.

RESULTS

Result 1: The Alliance for Seed Industry in West Africa (ASIWA) is established in order to create a community of practice that would facilitate experience sharing, synergy creation and optimal use of resources
A national ASIWA committee was set up in March 2015. It engaged in advocacy for the purchase of seeds in 2016 by public sector actors. ASIWA has its regulatory requirements, an action plan and a tool : WASIX, the electronic platform on seeds « www.wasix.net».

Result 2: The ECOWAS regulations on seeds are implemented
o In Niger, Seed regulation C/Reg. of 04/05/2008 was published in the OJ in June 2013 and a complementary law adopted in 2014
o The National Seed Committee, set up in 2015 with WAAP support, is operational with WAAP support: 3 regulatory meetings as well as various implementing texts. Review of at least 6 implementing texts and release data on new varieties
o Training or retraining of 130 officers in seed control and certification.

o Result 3: The supply of breeder seeds of target crops is expanded
o Support for the production of 25 t of foundation and breeder seeds of several varieties of millet, sorghum and rice. They are sold at 60% of their normal price to facilitate access for seed multipliers.
o Support to the INRAN seed unit for post-harvest seed processing equipment and seed laboratory equipment.
o Training in breeder seed and foundation seed production techniques for 70 people from the public and private sectors.

Result 4: The supply of foundation and certified seeds by a stronger private sector is expanded for target crops

o Support to Niger’s Association of private seed producers (APPSN) for the training of its members or partners (210 people trained) in certified seed production and/or sale;
o Participation in regional meetings (AFSTA’s GA, observation tours, regional training sessions, etc.).
o Support to seed entreprises and producer groups for agribusiness, seed marketing and promotion activities. 11 agribusiness plans developed for seed entreprises, 9 had access to credit, over 200 commercial demonstrations conducted by 4 seed entreprises,
o Support to 6 women or female-dominated groups (Rijia Samna (Doutchi), Guecheme, Chadakori (Maradi) and Makani (Dioundjou) for seed production.

(Baina Danjimo, Niger WASP Seed Specialist)

Chad

No information available

Nigeria

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Background: WASP is a project being implemented by CORAF/WECARD with national, regional and international partners involved in the seed sector. The WASP is funded by the USAID – West Africa (USAID/WA). The five-year program project which started in 2012 aims to achieve its objectives by building an Alliance for Seed Industry in West Africa (ASIWA) involving all partners working in the seed sector, which will ensure a sustainable production and use of quality seeds of rice, maize and sorghum. WASP seeks to expand the:
o Establishment of a consortium of partners 

o Development of seed production planning tool 

o Implementation of the Seed Production 

o Planning Tool 

o Strengthening the capacities of players in public and private structures 

o Strong Private sector through capacitating of NSTA and its members 


WASP Major Achievements in Nigeria
o Establishment of a formidable National Alliance for the seed industry that meet annually with usual- ly over 300 stakeholders in attendance to plan and chart a way forward for the seed industry 

o Creation of a strong linkage between the private sector and the Public sector NARS for Sustainable production of high quality Breeder Seeds for rice and maize for the past four years. Over 40 mt of rice BS and 12 mt of maize produced in the last four years. 

o Furthermore, with regards to rice over 114 mt Foundation Seeds and 1250 mt Certified Seed was produced through WASP support in 2016 with over 60,000 farmers as beneficiaries. 

o WASP has trained over 650 seed sectors actors including managers of seed companies, farmers, researchers, certification and quality control experts and university lecturers and availability of qua- lity seeds from the current 12 to 25% over the five-year period (2012 – 2017) with a goal to contribute to the sustainable improvement of agricultural productivity. 

Key implementation strategy of WASP 

o The project has employed the following strategies in the implementation of its activities and therefore has a lot of results to show within the almost five years of implementation
o Strong Support for production and marketing of class seeds through promotion of contract arrangements 

o Enhancement and promotion of Communication, Information and experience sharing with robust Monitoring and Evaluation 

o Students were trained in various aspects of seed science and technology. 

o The Seed Entrepreneurs Association of Nigeria (SEEDAN) under WASP support has grown its membership from only 6 to over 54 active members over the past four years of WASP operation in Nigeria. Only recently, SEEDAN achieved a milestone by successfully securing a collaboration with the Bank of Agriculture (BOA) to support rice seed production scale up in Nigeria with the Bank pledging to release a whooping sum of N800,000,000 to support it activities in the coming years. 

o WASP has continued to support Nigeria in organization of its National Seed Planning meetings that has helped the country to develop a seed projection roadmap up to the year 2020.
Conclusion: WASP in Nigeria is synonymous to development of the seed industry as the program has been the medium that facilitate strong partnership and synergy between key stakeholders in the seed system. Nigeria as a country will forever be glad to have had the opportunity to be a part of the project and WASP continuity will help make the country vision to become food secure a reality as a nation can only be food secure if it is seed secure

Okelola Folarin Sunday, Ebenezer Aje, Richard Olafare, Ernest Asiedu, Paul Senghor, Francis Konu And Yacouba Diallo.

PSAO/WASP ACHIEVEMENTS IN BENIN

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INTRODUCTION
Started in September 2013, WASP-Benin aims to contribute to the sustainable increase, availability and accessibility of quality seeds. Four (04) result areas are targeted and selected activities are carried out to meet these expectations. In four years of effective implementation, the major achievements of the WASP-Benin sub-program are compelling and worth reviewing.

RESULTS
Result 1 : The Alliance for Seed Industry in West Africa (ASIWA) is established in order to create a community of practice that would facilitate experience sharing, synergy creation and optimal use of resources

o The National ASIWA Commission, comprising fifteen members, all stakeholders in the national seed sub-sector, is established. A bureau composed of 5-members was established.
o The capacities of ASIWA member associations focal points are strengthened.
o The electronic platform on seeds is officially launched.

Result 2: The ECOWAS regulations on seeds are implemented
o Regulation recorded in the Official Journal of the Republic of Benin (JORB) August 2013.
o National regulatory and legislative framework reviewed and aligned with ECOWAS regulation. Sept. 2013.
o Draft decrees to set up the management bodies and tools for the seed sub-sector, provided for in the ECOWAS seed regulation, are prepared and submitted for adoption by the government.
Capacity Building of Stakeholders:
o Researchers, breeders and regulatory agency managers: on the release methods for varieties and their registration in the official catalog (CaBEV) (32 people).
o Official control service managers (laboratory inspectors and technicians): on the implementation of quality control and certification of plant seeds (28 people).
o MSME promoters on administrative and regulatory requirements, on seed production, quality control and marketing (15 people including 04 women).
Result 3: The supply of breeder seeds of target crops is expanded
o Strengthening the INRAB system of seed production units for the provision of quality breeder seeds of six maize varieties and seven for rice.
o Establishment of an operational system for categorical seed programming/planning with actors and projects/programs involved in the seed sub-sector (72 people including 13 women over the period).
o Breeder seeds made available to seed multipliers from 2013 to 2016: Maize (4,420 kg), Rice (9,000 kg).
o Capacity-building for field and laboratory technicians from breeder and foundation seed production units on managing cropping and post-production operations (56 people, including 09 women).

o Result 4: The supply of foundation and certified seeds by a stronger private sector is expanded for target crops
o Private sector actors organized within the National Federation of Benin Seed Producers (FNPS).
o Creation of the first private seed entreprises (20) across the country, broken down into the following speculations: maize (14) and rice (06).
o Foundation seed supplies made available to seed multipliers from 2013 to 2016:
o Maize: 253.8 tons (6 varieties ranging from extra-early to late).
o Rice: 223.35 tons (7 varieties ranging from upland to irrigated).
o Certified seed supplies made available to edible grain producers from 2013 to 2016:
o Maize: 19,789 tons (6 varieties ranging from extra-early to late).
o Rice: 9,060.31 tons (7 varieties ranging from upland to irrigated)
o Capacity strengthening for seed MSME promoters on crop management, post-production operations, agribusiness and business plan development (50 people including 06 women).

CONCLUSION
o The implementation of WASP has provided the legal, technical and socio-economic bases of a seed industry geared towards West Africa’s agricultural emergence.
o The numerous achievements it has contributed to need to be built upon to ensure an efficient and sustainable West African seed industry.


Mellon Glele (WASP Benin Seed Specialist)

Togo

No information available

Ghana

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Introduction: WASP is a project being implemented by CORAF/WECARD with national, regional and international partners involved in the seed sector. The WASP is funded by the USAID – West Africa (USAID/WA). The five-year program project which started in 2012 aims to achieve its objectives by building an Alliance for Seed Industry in West Africa (ASIWA) involving all partners working in the seed sector, which will ensure a sustainable production and use of quality seeds of rice, maize and sorghum. WASP-Ghana achievements since 2013 to date:

o The formation of the national chapter of Alliance for a Seed Industry in West Africa (ASIWA) has increased dialogue among the private and public seed sector stakeholders, 

o The implementation of the national seed regulation has improved and a National Quarantine Pest List (NQPL) has 

o been developed to monitor invasive pests and diseases and to facilitate cross-border trade and seed imports. 

o A National Plant Variety Catalogue with 161 crop species and varieties registered was developed whilst 35 crop varieties from Ghana were registered in the regional catalogue (1400 crop varieties) to enhance germplasm exchanges and increase regional seed trade; 

o The capacities of Plant Breeders, Seed Scientists and other Crop Scientists (35 in number) were strengthened on variety release and registration approaches; 

o A total of 42.9 tons of breeder seeds of maize, rice, cowpea and sorghum was produced conformity with the ECOWAS standards, which was supplied to the private sector for
further multiplication 

o WASP-Ghana supported the development of business plans for 10 Seed Enterprises / Seed Companies to improve entrepreneurial performance and expand their operations; 

o WASP-Ghana facilitated the strengthening of the capacities of The National Seed Trade Association of Ghana (NASTAG) and the Seed Producers Association of Ghana (SEEDPAG). A total of 83 Small and Medium Seed Enterprises have been trained in seed business management. 

o WASP supported CSIR-CRI with seed laboratory and processing equipment’s to enhance quality breeder seed production 

o WASP facilitated to obtain maize lines from IITA for CSIR-SARI which has resulted in the release of four hybrid maize varieties that are drought and striga tolerant. 

o 3 new maize varieties were released through germplasm received from IITA in their collaboration with WASP 

o Basic seed testing laboratory equipment and processing, conditioning machines and accessories received from CORAF/WECARD through WASP 

o New variety catalogue.



Solomon Gyan Ansah (National Seed Specialist); Mrs. Azara Ali-Mamshie (National WAAPP Coordinator)

Burkina-Faso

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INTRODUCTION: PSAO/WASP is a project implemented by CORAF/WECARD with national, regional and international partners involved in the seed sector. WASP is funded by USAID-West Africa.

Result 1 : The Alliance for Seed Industry in West Africa (ASIWA) is established in order to create a community of practice that would facilitate experience sharing, synergy creation and optimal use of resources
o Establishment of ASIWA and support for the holding of regular meetings by ASIWA, the National Seed Committee and the National Committee on Pesticides.
o Launch of wasix.net, an electronic platform for seed marketing and user training.

Result 2: The ECOWAS regulations on seeds are implemented

o Support for the development of quality control and seed certification manuals and of the manual on variety registration in the national seed catalog.
o Support for the adoption and publication in the official journal of the regulation related to aligning rules governing the quality control, cerfication and marketing of plant seeds and seedlings in the ECOWAS/WAEMU/CILSS Region.
o Regular annual support to the Crop Production Directorate for seed sampling, laboratory testing and certification.
o Regular training of inspectors in production and certification techniques for improved varieties.

Result 3: The supply of breeder seeds of target crops is expanded
o INERA provided with laboratory equipment for breeder seed management
o Support to INERA for the organization of programming/planning workshops for foundation and foundation seed production.

Result 4: The supply of foundation and certified seeds by a stronger private sector is expanded for target crops
o Training of seed entrepreneurs and seed producer organizations in various topics.
o WASP and CORAF financial procedures.
o Commercial negotiation, marketing and contracting.
o «Gender and Agricultural Development Approach» for leaders of farmers organizations involved in implementing the seed program.
o Planning tools for the needs assessment of foundation and certified seeds.
o Business plan development and search for financing.
o Commercial negotiation, marketing and commercial contract management.
o Support for the development of 11 business plans for seed enterprises.
o Support for the development of Burkina Faso’s directory of seed producers and seed entreprises
o Support to enterprises for the production of foundation rice seeds of new varieties.
o Launch of the wasix.net electronic platform and training of the main users.
o Support for enterprises and producers to operate demonstration plots of high-yielding varieties of rice: six demonstration plots have been set up.
o Guided tour days on these demonstration plots provided an opportunity for more than 240 producers to learn about operating a seed production plot and the new high-yielding varieties of rice in the main rice schemes in Burkina Faso.
o Support for seed enterprises and seed farmer organizations to organize trade fairs and
promotional days.

OTHER ACTIVITES
o Conducting the solidarity operation in Ebola-affected countries through a seed contribution to these countries. The WAAPP and WASP Burkina Faso technical team, through UNPSB and ANESB, was able to mobilize 1,270 tons of cereal seeds including 1,250 tons of rice and 20 tons of maize of different varieties transported to Liberia and Sierra Leone.
o Conducting the study titled "Multiple avenues to promote commercial and sustainable production and delivery of foundation and breeder seeds of food crops in sub-Saharan Africa".


Abdoulaye Dao (WASP, Burkina Faso Seed Specialist)

Cote d'Ivoire

No information available

Liberia

No information available

Sierra Leone

No information available

Guinea

No information available

Guinea Bissau

No information available

WEST AFRICAN SEED PROGRAM (WASP) – SENEGAL

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INTRODUCTION: PSAO/WASP is a project implemented by CORAF/WECARD with national, regional and international partners involved in the seed sector. WASP is funded by USAID-West Africa.

PSAO/WASP OBJECTIVE: To increase the production and use of certified seeds of improved varieties of major food crops from 12% to 25%.

Photo description: The CORAF/WECARD and USAID/WA team at the seed treatment station in Richard Toll (Senegal)

Result 1: Seed Alliance in West Africa
o The Alliance for Seed Industry in West Africa (ASIWA) is established in order to create a community of practice that would facilitate experience sharing, synergy creation and optimal use of resources.
o ASIWA Launching with 44 participants

Result 2: ECOWAS regulations on seeds are implemented
o Regulation C/REG.4/05/2008 published in the OJ of Senegal No. 6771 of 25 January 2014
o 100 Harmonized Regulation documents distributed for extension purposes.
o 30 actors trained in ECOWAS harmonized seed regulation, in new variety release and in variety registration in the catalog.

Result 3: The supply of breeder seeds of target crops is expanded
o Training of 68 actors responsible for the production of breeder seeds in ISRA stations and of foundation seeds within producer organizations (POs) in intellectual property rights (IPRs).
o Breeder seeds made available to producer organizations: Maize: 6,945 Kilograms; Sorghum: 3,740 Kilograms; Millet: 2,000 Kilograms; Rice: 10,680 Kilograms

Result 4: The supply of foundation and certified seeds by a stronger private sector is expanded for target crops

o Training of POs in business management
o 501 actors trained in business management, seed marketing and commercialization, seed production techniques, and in advocacy for access to land.
o Development of the national directory of seed stakeholders in Senegal.
o Provision of breeder seeds to 43 seed-producer organizations
o Business plan development for 5 seed SMEs
o Launch of the E-seed platform
o Foundation seed production: Rice: 263 Tons; Maize: 144 Tons; Sorghum/Millet: 283 Tons
o R1-certified seed production: Rice:1468 Tons; Maize: 233 Tons; Sorghum/Millet: 342 Tons










o Table legend: Sahel 108, 134, 177 ; Nerica 4 ,6.
o Thanks to PAPROSEM, last year (2016), Senegal was able to produce foundation and R1-certified seeds of several rice varieties.


Mrs. Penda Cissé GUEYE and his Excellency Mr. Macky SALL, President of Senegal

Gambia

No information available

Mauritania

No information available

SEED REGULATION MAP

0 - 60 %

60 - 79 %

80 - 99 %

100%

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